What Is Recycled OCC Pulp

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Recycled OCC pulp is a type of paper pulp that is made from Old Corrugated Containers (OCC) that have been collected and processed for reuse. It is an eco-friendly alternative to virgin pulp, which is made from newly harvested trees.

The importance of using eco-friendly alternatives to virgin pulp cannot be overstated, as the demand for paper and paper products continues to increase worldwide. Virgin pulp production has significant environmental impacts, including deforestation, habitat destruction, and water pollution. In contrast, recycled OCC pulp conserves natural resources, reduces waste, and has a lower carbon footprint.

The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive overview of recycled OCC pulp, including its benefits, uses, and production process. By the end of this article, you will have a clear understanding of why recycled OCC pulp is a sustainable choice for the paper industry and how to find the best sources of recycled pulp near you.

Benefits of Recycled OCC Pulp

Recycled OCC pulp offers several benefits, including environmental, economic, and social advantages.

Environmental benefits:

Reduces deforestation: Recycled OCC pulp reduces the demand for virgin pulp, which means fewer trees need to be cut down to produce paper.

Reduces waste: Recycling OCC materials diverts waste from landfills, reducing the amount of waste that ends up in the environment.

Saves energy: The production process for recycled pulp uses less energy than virgin pulp production, which reduces greenhouse gas emissions and conserves natural resources.

Reduces water pollution: Virgin pulp production is known to release harmful chemicals and pollutants into water sources, while recycled pulp production significantly reduces water pollution.

Economic benefits:

Cost-effective: Recycled OCC pulp is often cheaper than virgin pulp, making it an affordable alternative for paper manufacturers.

Local job creation: Recycling facilities and paper mills that use recycled OCC pulp provide job opportunities in local communities.

Stable supply: The supply of recycled OCC materials is typically more stable than that of virgin pulp, as it is not affected by seasonal fluctuations or weather events.

Social benefits:

Reduced health risks: The production process for virgin pulp often exposes workers to dangerous chemicals, while recycled pulp production is safer for workers.

Community engagement: Recycling programs and facilities often involve community engagement and education programs that promote sustainable practices and environmental awareness.

Brand reputation: Using recycled OCC pulp in paper products can enhance a brand’s reputation as environmentally responsible, leading to increased consumer trust and loyalty.

Production Process of Recycled OCC Pulp

The production process for recycled OCC pulp involves several steps, including the collection of OCC materials, sorting and cleaning of OCC materials, and the pulping process.

  1. Collection of OCC materials: The first step in the production process is the collection of OCC materials, which can come from various sources, such as households, businesses, and recycling centers. These materials are typically transported to a recycling facility, where they are sorted and prepared for processing.
  2. Sorting and cleaning of OCC materials: Once the OCC materials arrive at the recycling facility, they undergo a sorting and cleaning process to remove contaminants, such as plastic, metal, and glass. The OCC materials are then separated into different grades based on their quality and intended use.
  3. Pulping process: After sorting and cleaning, the OCC materials are processed into pulp through a pulping process. This process involves adding water and chemicals to the OCC materials in a large vat called a pulper. The mixture is then agitated and heated to break down the fibers and create a slurry. The slurry is then screened and cleaned to remove any remaining impurities, such as ink and dirt.
  4. Bleaching process (optional): Depending on the desired quality of the pulp, a bleaching process may be used to remove any remaining color or impurities. This process involves adding chemicals to the pulp and exposing it to a series of stages that remove any remaining impurities.
  5. Packaging and distribution of recycled OCC pulp: The final step in the production process is the packaging and distribution of the recycled OCC pulp. The pulp is typically packaged in large bales and sold to paper mills or other companies that use it in their products.

Uses of Recycled OCC Pulp

Recycled OCC pulp has many versatile uses, including paper and board production, tissue production, specialty applications, and other uses.

Paper and board production: Recycled OCC pulp is commonly used in the production of paper and board products, including newspapers, cardboard, and packaging materials. It can be used alone or blended with other types of pulp to create different grades of paper and board.

Tissue production: Recycled OCC pulp is also used in the production of tissue products, such as toilet paper, napkins, and facial tissues. It is an affordable and eco-friendly alternative to virgin pulp, making it a popular choice among tissue manufacturers.

Specialty applications: Recycled OCC pulp can also be used in specialty applications, such as molded fiber products, insulation, and even food packaging. Its high strength and absorbency make it a suitable material for a wide range of products.

Other uses: Recycled OCC pulp has many other uses, such as animal bedding, soil amendment, and fuel pellets. It can also be used in construction materials, such as drywall and insulation, as well as in the production of biodegradable products.

Overall, recycled OCC pulp is a versatile and sustainable material that can be used in a wide range of applications, making it a valuable resource for industries looking to reduce their environmental impact.

Best Sources of Recycled OCC Pulp

Recycled OCC pulp can be sourced from various suppliers, including recycling facilities, paper mills, and brokers. Here are some of the best sources of recycled OCC pulp:

  1. Recycling facilities: Recycling facilities are one of the primary sources of recycled OCC pulp. They collect and process OCC materials, such as cardboard boxes and packaging materials, and convert them into pulp for use in paper and board products.
  2. Paper mills: Paper mills that specialize in using recycled pulp as a raw material are another good source of recycled OCC pulp. These mills typically purchase recycled pulp from recycling facilities or brokers and use it to produce paper and board products.
  3. Brokers: Brokers are intermediaries that connect suppliers of recycled OCC pulp with paper mills and other buyers. They often specialize in sourcing and supplying specific types of recycled pulp, such as OCC or mixed waste.
  4. Direct supply agreements: Companies that use large quantities of recycled OCC pulp can also consider entering into direct supply agreements with recycling facilities or paper mills. These agreements can ensure a stable and consistent supply of recycled pulp at a competitive price.

In addition to these sources, it’s also important to consider the quality and sustainability of the recycled OCC pulp. Look for suppliers that prioritize the use of high-quality, contaminant-free pulp and have established sustainability practices, such as responsible sourcing and waste reduction initiatives.


Recycled OCC pulp is a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to virgin pulp that offers numerous benefits for the environment, the economy, and society. The production process of recycled OCC pulp involves the collection, sorting, and pulping of OCC materials, which are then used in various applications, such as paper and board production, tissue production, and specialty applications.

By using recycled OCC pulp, companies can reduce their environmental impact by diverting waste from landfills, conserving natural resources, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, using recycled OCC pulp can also help companies save costs by reducing their reliance on virgin pulp and lowering their disposal costs.

Overall, recycled OCC pulp is a valuable resource that can benefit both the environment and businesses. As more companies recognize the importance of sustainability and environmental responsibility, the demand for recycled OCC pulp is expected to continue to grow, making it an important material for a wide range of industries.

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